rand.c

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1993
 *      The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Posix rand_r function added May 1999 by Wes Peters <wes@softweyr.com>.
 *
 * $Id$
 */

/*
 * From:
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)rand.c      8.1 (Berkeley) 6/14/93";
*/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include "sectionname.h"

ATTRIBUTE_CLIB_SECTION
static int
do_rand(unsigned long *ctx)
{
#ifdef  USE_WEAK_SEEDING
        /*
         * Historic implementation compatibility.
         * The random sequences do not vary much with the seed,
         * even with overflowing.
         */
        return ((*ctx = *ctx * 1103515245L + 12345L) %
                ((unsigned long)RAND_MAX + 1));
#else   /* !USE_WEAK_SEEDING */
        /*
         * Compute x = (7^5 * x) mod (2^31 - 1)
         * wihout overflowing 31 bits:
         *      (2^31 - 1) = 127773 * (7^5) + 2836
         * From "Random number generators: good ones are hard to find",
         * Park and Miller, Communications of the ACM, vol. 31, no. 10,
         * October 1988, p. 1195.
         */
        long hi, lo, x;

        x = *ctx;
        /* Can't be initialized with 0, so use another value. */
        if (x == 0)
                x = 123459876L;
        hi = x / 127773L;
        lo = x % 127773L;
        x = 16807L * lo - 2836L * hi;
        if (x < 0)
                x += 0x7fffffffL;
        return ((*ctx = x) % ((unsigned long)RAND_MAX + 1));
#endif  /* !USE_WEAK_SEEDING */
}


ATTRIBUTE_CLIB_SECTION
int
rand_r(unsigned long *ctx)
{
        return do_rand(ctx);
}


static unsigned long next = 1;

ATTRIBUTE_CLIB_SECTION
int
rand(void)
{
        return do_rand(&next);
}

ATTRIBUTE_CLIB_SECTION
void
srand(unsigned int seed)
{
        next = seed;
}