# bsearch.c

/*
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
*    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
*    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
*    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
*    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
*    without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)bsearch.c   8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93";
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "sectionname.h"

/*
* Perform a binary search.
*
* The code below is a bit sneaky.  After a comparison fails, we
* divide the work in half by moving either left or right. If lim
* is odd, moving left simply involves halving lim: e.g., when lim
* is 5 we look at item 2, so we change lim to 2 so that we will
* look at items 0 & 1.  If lim is even, the same applies.  If lim
* is odd, moving right again involes halving lim, this time moving
* the base up one item past p: e.g., when lim is 5 we change base
* to item 3 and make lim 2 so that we will look at items 3 and 4.
* If lim is even, however, we have to shrink it by one before
* halving: e.g., when lim is 4, we still looked at item 2, so we
* have to make lim 3, then halve, obtaining 1, so that we will only
* look at item 3.
*/
ATTRIBUTE_CLIB_SECTION
void *
bsearch(register const void *key, const void *base0, size_t nmemb,
register size_t size, register int (*compar)(const void *, const void *))
{
register const char *base = base0;
register size_t lim;
register int cmp;
register const void *p;

for (lim = nmemb; lim != 0; lim >>= 1) {
p = base + (lim >> 1) * size;
cmp = (*compar)(key, p);
if (cmp == 0)
return ((void *)p);
if (cmp > 0) {  /* key > p: move right */
base = (char *)p + size;
lim--;
}               /* else move left */
}
return (NULL);
}