# parity.h

/* Copyright (c) 2002, Marek Michalkiewicz

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
distribution.

* Neither the name of the copyright holders nor the names of
contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */

/* $Id$ */

#ifndef _UTIL_PARITY_H_
#define _UTIL_PARITY_H_

/** \file */
/** \defgroup util_parity <util/parity.h>: Parity bit generation
\code #include <util/parity.h> \endcode

This header file contains optimized assembler code to calculate
the parity bit for a byte.
*/
/** \def parity_even_bit
\ingroup util_parity
\returns 1 if \c val has an odd number of bits set. */
#define parity_even_bit(val)                            \
(__extension__({                                        \
unsigned char __t;                              \
__asm__ (                                       \
"mov __tmp_reg__,%0" "\n\t"             \
"swap %0" "\n\t"                        \
"eor %0,__tmp_reg__" "\n\t"             \
"mov __tmp_reg__,%0" "\n\t"             \
"lsr %0" "\n\t"                         \
"lsr %0" "\n\t"                         \
"eor %0,__tmp_reg__"                    \
: "=r" (__t)                            \
: "0" ((unsigned char)(val))            \
: "r0"                                  \
);                                              \
(((__t + 1) >> 1) & 1);                         \
}))

#endif /* _UTIL_PARITY_H_ */